Of all of the beaten down tech stocks that have taken their lumps since November, this is the one that Ben Graham would pick.
Meta is no longer a compelling “growth” story, but it will make an excellent “value” play once it rotates to investors who like that kind of thing.
With a free cash flow yield of over 6% (twice that of the NASDAQ 100) and optionality in Reality Labs, growth is no longer necessary to deliver solid shareholder returns.
Since Thanksgiving, US public stocks have experience a fierce rotation from high-flying growth stocks to good old-fashioned “value stocks.”
Take the diverging performance of two prominent investors who embody two very different styles. Cathie Wood runs ARK Invest ETF (NASDAQ: ARKK) and aggressively chases fast-growing, bombastic, disruptive companies like Tesla, Zoom, Coinbase, and Roku. Warren Buffet’s Berkshire Hathaway Inc. portfolio (NYSE: BRK.B) consists of cash-flowing financial services and banks (e.g., GEICO, Bank of America), railroads, profitable and durable consumer retail brands (e.g., Coca Cola and Kraft), jewelers, carpet manufacturers, and Apple.
Wood’s heart-pumping, pulse-racing portfolio has dropped by 40% since November 1, while Buffet’s plodding group has edged up by 12%. Since the start of the pandemic in March 2020, their performance is about even (ARKK has a slight lead, with a 43% appreciation versus 34% for Berkshire), though ARKK investors must feel like they’ve been on a rollercoaster ride.
Meta’s Q1 Earnings Release
This brings us to Meta Platforms, Inc. (NASDAQ: FB), the parent company of Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp. After it’s Q1 earnings release, Metagot hammered. In the four trading days after their earnings release on February 2, the company’s stock experienced a once-in-a-lifetime, epic beating. First, it shed almost $237 billion in market cap overnight, dropping by 26%. Then the stock fell further over the next three trading days, by another 7%, bringing the total post-earnings drop to 32%.
That brings Meta’s overall decline from last year’s 52-week higher to 40% (the share price had actually held quite well relative to other tech stocks from November all the way up until February 4).
If you are a growth investor, here’s what I saw in FB’s earnings that was concerning:
First, Facebook’s global daily active users declined from the previous quarter for the first time, from 1.930 billion to 1.929 billion.
Second, Q4 revenues were up +20% YoY (to $33.7 billion), but Q1 guidance was for +3-11% growth. After consistently growing revenues at a 33% CAGR over the past five years, and 41% CAGR over ten years, that won’t cut it with Cathie Wood.
Third, it’s now become clear that FB is facing headwinds on monetizing user impressions that will result in a 8-10-point headwind to its flagship advertising business. That’s probably a combination of the iOS privacy change that kicked in last year plus rising competition from TikTok. On top of all of that, there is some noise that Meta may have to pull Facebook and Instagram from Europe (where it has 15% of its daily active users) if it is unable to keep transferring user data back to the US, all a part of an ongoing spat between US and European data privacy regulators.
After Q1’s earnings, growth investors have lost faith in FB’s growth prospects. And the timing couldn’t have been worse given that those investors were already feeling battered by the tech rout, so the selling was relentless.
Meta: The New Value Story
But here’s the positive news that should resonate with value-oriented investors: Meta is now trading at valuations that are lower than the bottom of the COVID crash.
Value investors look for a few things … cribbing from Benjamin Graham (the economist who wrote The Intelligent Investor and whose methodology inspired, among others, Warren Buffet):
Cash flow from operations;
Price / earnings ratios;
A history of earnings growth / capital efficiency;
Buying when recent sell-off / macroeconomic creates opportunities; and
Buying and holding for the long term.
Graham’s broad principles are still how most investors make investment decisions in America’s $20 trillion stock market.
Meta is now trading at a price / earnings ratio of about 16. On a price / cash-flow-from-operations metric, it’s an astonishing 11. That’s lower than it was at the bottom of the COVID crash, which only makes sense to me if everyone’s New Year’s resolution was to give up social media.
A Look at the Q1 Numbers
Revenues rose 20% YoY to $33.7 billion, beating estimates by $230.6 million. Because of the lower guidance, forward PE is about 17 (or 20% lower than the S&P 500) and forward price / CFO is 11. Annual revenues are expected to rise 12.4% in 2022.
Income from operations were $12.6 billion, flat year-over-year, which won’t cut it with the Warren Buffett crowd. However, the operating loss from Meta’s Reality Labs was $3.3 billion – this is the company’s AR / VR division, which includes all of the hardware initiatives such as Oculus, plus some other moonshot stuff. It is the “metaverse” business unit of Meta Platforms, Inc.
As a “value investor,” you never like to lose money on new ventures, but this is an optional investment, and if it doesn’t work out, they’ll just kill it.
On the cash flow side, cash flows from operations were extremely strong. Operating cash flow rose to $18B, up 29% YoY. Furthermore, despite a surge in capital expenditures, free cash flow rose a whopping 35.1% y/y and 30.2% q/q to a record $12.7B.
FB is now trading with a 6.3% “free cash flow yield” (i.e., free cash flows from the business on a per share basis versus its market price per share). That’s four times Treasury yields and twice the rest of the NASDAQ 100.
As Winston Churchill once said, never let a good crisis go to waste.
Aman was the COO of 500 Startups, has been the CFO of Sonos, and led finance at PayPal. Before that, Aman worked at Lehman Brothers and McKinsey, majored in economics at Stanford, and earned a law degree from Harvard, so he is particularly good at dollar signs and clauses and commas.
Aman has more than 15 years of financial and operational experience from both private and public technology companies. He has been a member of the management teams at some of the most successful companies in the world, including PayPal, eBay, and Sonos.
Prior to PVC, Aman was the COOof 500 Startups, which during his tenure was the world’s most active VC firm, measured by the number of investments made. Aman managed 500’s global fundraising team, the seed accelerator team, and the Series A growth programs. He also managed the Investment Committee for the firm’s global funds ($500MAUM).
Aman led the strategy teams at both PayPal and eBay Marketplaces and served as the divisional CFO of eBay’s North American Marketplace business, which generated over $2B in revenues and nearly $1B in operating profit.
As CFO, Aman has guided his companies to over $1B in debt and equity financings from family offices, HNWIs, VC/PE funds, banks, and public markets.
CFA since 2000
Financial Analyst at Lehman Brothers, Associate at McKinsey
Taught Economics at Harvard University
JD, Harvard Law School
BA, Economics and Public Policy, Stanford University
PayPal Mafia: wrote the first draft of PayPal's S-1 in the winter of 2000.
CFO at two different unicorns: Sonos, Inc. (NASDAQ: SONO) and CAN Capital